Statistical Annex: Demographic and Socioeconomic Indicators for Sub-Saharan Africa

Country 1997
Population
(Millions)
2025
Population
UN Medium Projection
(Millions)
Annual Rate of
Natural Increase
(Percent)
Average
Births Per
Women
(Total Fertility)
Women Using
Contraception
(Percent)
Maternal
Deaths Per
100,000 Births
Infant
Deaths Per
1,000 Live Births
Literacy
Per 100 Adults
15 Years & Older
Male/Female
GNP
Per Capita
($US)
Country
Angola 11.6 25.5 3.17 7.2 na 1,500 170 56 / 29 410 Angola
Benin 5.7 12.3 3.15 6.3 16 / 3 990 84 49 / 26 370 Benin
Botswana 1.5 2.6 2.62 4.9 33 / 32 250 40 81 / 60 3,020 Botswana
Burkina Faso 11.1 23.5 2.96 7.1 8/3 930 82 30 / 9 230 Burkina Faso
Burundi 6.4 12.3 2.63 6.8 8/31 1,300 106 49 / 23 160 Burundi
Cameroon 13.9 28.5 2.77 5.7 16 / 4 550 63 75 / 52 650 Cameroon
Cape Verde 0.4 0.7 2.51 3.9 na na 54 81 / 64 960 Cape Verde
Central African Republic 3.4 6.0 2.22 5.3 15 / 3 700 103 69 / 52 340 Central African Republic
Chad 6.7 12.6 2.50 5.9 na 1,500 92 62 / 35 180 Chad
Comoros 0.7 1.3 3.15 6.0 21 / 11 950 83 64 / 50 470 Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48.0 105.9 3.35 6.7 8/1 870 128 87 / 68 120 Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo 2.7 5.7 2.99 6.3 na 890 81 83 / 67 680 Congo
Cote d'Ivoire 14.3 24.4 2.58 5.7 11/3 810 90 50 / 30 660 Cote d'Ivoire
Djibouti 0.6 1.1 2.28 5.8 na 570 112 60 / 33 na Djibouti
Equatorial Guinea 0.4 0.8 2.55 5.9 na 820 111 90 / 68 380 Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 3.4 6.5 2.73 5.8 8/3 1,400 78 na 100 Eritrea
Ethiopia 60.1 136.3 3.08 7.0 4/2 1,400 113 46 / 25 100 Ethiopia
Gabon 1.1 2.1 2.00 5.0 na 500 87 74 / 53 3,490 Gabon
Gambia 1.2 2.0 2.41 5.6 12/6 1,100 78 53 / 25 320 Gambia
Ghana 18.3 36.3 2.87 5.7 20/10 740 70 76 / 54 390 Ghana
Guinea 7.6 15.3 3.03 7.0 1/31 1,600 130 50 / 22 550 Guinea
Guinea-Bissau 1.1 1.9 2.06 5.8 na 910 132 68 / 43 250 Guinea-Bissau
Kenya 28.4 50.2 2.59 5.4 33 / 27 650 61 86 / 70 280 Kenya
Lesotho 2.1 4.0 2.56 5.2 5/1 610 96 82 / 62 770 Lesotho
Liberia 2.5 6.6 2.12 6.8 6/5 560 157 54 / 22 450 Liberia
Madagascar 15.8 34.5 3.25 6.1 17 / 5 490 100 60 / 32 230 Madagascar
Malawi 10.1 20.4 2.82 7.2 22 / 14 560 137 72 / 42 170 Malawi
Mali 11.5 24.6 3.17 7.1 7/4 1,200 134 39 / 23 250 Mali
Mauritania 2.4 4.4 2.54 5.4 2/28 930 124 50 / 26 460 Mauritania
Mauritius 1.1 1.5 1.42 2.4 75 / 49 120 20 87 / 79 3,380 Mauritius
Mozambique 18.3 35.4 2.65 6.5 na 1,500 133 58 / 23 80 Mozambique
Namibia 1.6 3.0 2.56 5.3 29 / 26 370 60 na 2,000 Namibia
Niger 9.8 22.4 3.36 7.4 4/1 1,200 191 21 / 7 220 Niger
Nigeria 118.4 238.4 3.00 6.5 6/3 1,000 114 67 / 47 260 Nigeria
Reunion 0.7 0.9 1.61 2.4 67 / 62 na na na na Reunion
Rwanda 5.9 13.0 -0.07 6.6 21 / 13 1,300 105 70 / 52 180 Rwanda
Sao Tome & Principe 0.1 0.2 na 6.4 na na 62 na 350 Sao Tome & Principe
Senegal 8.8 16.9 2.70 6.1 13 / 8 1,200 74 43 / 23 600 Senegal
Seychelles 0.1 0.1 na 2.7 na na 15 na 6,620 Seychelles
Sierra Leone 4.4 8.2 1.94 6.5 na 1,800 164 45 / 18 180 Sierra Leone
Somalia 10.2 23.7 3.17 7.0 na 1,600 125 na 120 Somalia
South Africa 43.3 71.6 2.24 4.1 50 / 48 230 50 82 / 82 3,160 South Africa
Sudan 27.9 46.9 2.09 5.0 9/5 660 73 58 / 35 480 Sudan
Swaziland 0.9 1.7 2.81 4.9 20 / 17 560 68 78 / 76 1,170 Swaziland
Tanzania 31.5 62.4 2.88 5.9 18 / 13 770 93 79 / 57 120 Tanzania
Togo 4.3 8.8 2.95 6.6 12/2 640 78 67 / 37 310 Togo
Uganda 20.8 45.0 2.90 7.1 15 / 8 1,200 88 74 / 50 240 Uganda
Zambia 8.5 16.2 2.63 6.0 26 / 14 940 112 86 / 71 400 Zambia
Zimbabwe 11.7 19.3 2.68 4.3 48 / 42 570 49 90 / 80 540 Zimbabwe

Sub-Saharan Africa

621.6

1,244.0

2.80

6.1

18 / 12

980

105

67 / 47

490

Sub-Saharan Africa

Sources: 1997 and 2025 population size, rate of natural increase (1990-1995), and average births per woman (1990-1995): United Nations. World Population Prospects: The 1996 Revision. New York: United Nations, 1996; contraceptive prevalence: United Nations. Levels and Trends of Contraceptive Use as Assessed in 1994. New York: United Nations, 1996 and most recent Demographic and Health Surveys data; maternal mortality: WHO and UNICEF. Revised 1990 Estimates of Maternal Mortality. A New Approach by WHO and UNICEF. WHO, 1996; infant mortality: UNICEF. The State of the World's Children 1998. New York: Oxford Univ. Press, 1998; literacy: UNESCO. 1997 Statistical Yearbook. Paris and Lanham, MD: UNESCO and Bernan Press, 1997; GNP per capita: World Bank. World Development Report 1997 and World Development Indicators 1997. Washington, DC: World Bank, 1997